The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed a series of important decision-making arrangements such as “comprehensively promoting rural revitalization” and “accelerating the construction of a strong agricultural country” for agricultural and rural work in the new era and new journey. In 2023, the No. 1 Central Document further clarified the specific connotative characteristics of a strong agricultural country from the five aspects of “strong supply guarantee, strong scientific and technological equipment, strong management system, strong industrial resilience, and strong competitiveness”, pointing out the direction for comprehensively promoting rural revitalization. Strong agricultural science and technology innovation capabilities and advanced agricultural equipment are the core driving force for building a strong agricultural country. Facing real challenges such as limited land resources, tightening environmental pressure, poor transformation of achievements, and low output returns, only by vigorously promoting agricultural technological innovation and accelerating the innovation of agricultural technological equipment can we realize agricultural mechanization, digitalization, and greening, and improve agricultural production. The utilization rate of factor resources and the efficiency of agricultural production create a strong innovation core for the development of modern agriculture and the construction of a strong agricultural country.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the Central Rural Work Conference that it is necessary to rely on the two-wheel drive of science and technology and reform to accelerate the construction of a strong agricultural country. In 2023, the No. 1 Central Document made it clear that modern agricultural technology and equipment support should be strengthened. In the new stage of development, it is necessary to strengthen the support of modern agricultural technology and equipment as the key engine, strengthen the strength of agricultural strategic technology, improve the national agricultural technology innovation system, and vigorously promote the self-reliance and self-improvement of high-level agricultural technology. At the same time, it is necessary to give full play to the leading and radiating role of universities, institutes, enterprises, and parks in innovation, to promote effective collaboration among innovation subjects, to realize the organic integration of agricultural innovation chains and industrial chains, to form an effective model for the diffusion, promotion and application of agricultural technologies, and to greatly improve the quality of agriculture. The overall efficiency of the scientific and technological innovation system provides key support for building a strong agricultural country.
Strengthen the strength of agricultural strategic science and technology, and improve the national agricultural science and technology innovation system. To vigorously promote the innovation and development of modern agriculture, it is necessary to adhere to the goal orientation of agricultural science and technology innovation to industrial development, green development, and farmers’ income increase, and to promote the multidisciplinary integration and multi-field integrated innovation of agricultural science and technology innovation in a systematic way, so as to continuously strengthen the strategic scientific and technological strength of agriculture. Integrate agricultural science and technology innovation resources, focus on the strategic needs of national and regional development and the key needs of the development of agricultural production and equipment, promote the construction of national laboratories in the agricultural field, and accelerate the carrier layout of comprehensive research platforms in major frontier fields. Improve the scientific and technological innovation capabilities of national scientific research institutions and high-level research universities in the agricultural field, and enhance the national agricultural strategic scientific and technological talent pool. Vigorously cultivate leading enterprises in agricultural science and technology, and encourage leading enterprises in science and technology to take the lead in undertaking national science and technology planning projects.
Continue to promote basic agricultural research and achieve self-reliance and self-improvement in high-level agricultural science and technology. Agricultural basic research is the source of power for the development of the agricultural industry. It is necessary to aim at the major needs of the agricultural industry chain and major agricultural scientific issues, improve the stable support mechanism for basic research in the field of agricultural science and technology, deepen the establishment of national key research and development plans, the National Natural Science Foundation of China and other projects, and highlight basic research in key areas. Further strengthen the construction of basic research conditions for agriculture-related colleges and universities, build a scientific and technological innovation platform system that matches the discipline system, and establish a number of cutting-edge cross-comprehensive research platforms in the fields of biological seed industry, agricultural machinery and equipment, and smart agriculture. Create conditions for innovative and cutting-edge research. Support enterprises and university research institutes to jointly establish agricultural technology innovation centers, encourage agriculture-related enterprises to take the lead in participating in basic agricultural research by building research institutes, establishing innovation consortiums, funding and cultivating innovative talents, etc., strengthen the close integration of industry, education and research, and promote the innovation chain The industrial chain is closely integrated.
Give full play to the leading role of colleges and universities in agricultural science and technology innovation, and stimulate the innovation vitality of agricultural talents. Innovative talents in agricultural science and technology are the key support for the construction of a strong agricultural country. It is necessary to continuously improve the system and mechanism of agricultural science and technology innovation, give full play to the leading role of university research institutes in agricultural science and technology innovation, adhere to the income distribution policy oriented by knowledge value, accelerate the deep integration of agricultural science and technology production, education and research, and create a good ecology for the growth of agricultural science and technology talents. Innovate the system and mechanism for the cultivation of agricultural science and technology talents, and strengthen policy support around the cultivation, introduction, use, and incentives of agricultural science and technology innovation talents. Strengthen the construction of the agricultural science and technology socialized service system, further implement the agricultural science and technology commissioner system, increase the implementation of high-quality farmers’ cultivation plan, and enhance the radiating and leading role of agricultural science and technology service talents.
Improve the status of enterprises in agricultural technology innovation and accelerate the commercialization of agricultural technology. Innovate the formation mechanism of national and local major agricultural scientific research projects, encourage enterprises to be the main body, and adopt the system of revealing the list to promote demand-oriented agricultural scientific and technological innovation research according to the industrial development trend and the technological needs of enterprises. Create a group of high-level agricultural enterprise innovation consortiums, and strengthen the main position of enterprises in agricultural innovation. Support enterprises and university scientific research institutes to jointly build research institutions and scientific research platforms, promote the sharing and co-construction of scientific and technological innovation resources, promote the coordination and coordination of agricultural machinery, agronomy, farmland, and agricultural management methods, accelerate the transformation and implementation of technological achievements in key fields such as agricultural equipment, and promote modern agriculture High-quality development of the industry. Establish a risk-sharing, benefit-sharing, open and innovative interest linkage mechanism, and encourage scientific researchers to participate in the entire process of technological innovation in agricultural enterprises.
Promote the high-quality development of agricultural science and technology parks and stimulate the surging momentum of the agricultural science and technology industry. Optimize the layout of national agricultural high-tech demonstration zones and national agricultural science and technology parks, concentrate on developing a number of characteristic and advantageous parks, build national and even global agricultural high-tech industrial clusters with competitive advantages and leading demonstration functions, and accelerate the development of scientific research institutes and enterprises in universities and colleges. The high-quality innovation resources of innovation subjects such as the docking with the agricultural science and technology park will greatly enhance my country’s competitiveness in the fields of biological agriculture, agricultural equipment and other agricultural high-tech industries. Support national agricultural high-tech demonstration zones, national agricultural science and technology parks and other types of agricultural parks to build innovation cooperation networks, accelerate the diffusion of knowledge, information and innovation results, and form an atmosphere of co-construction, symbiosis and shared innovation. Efforts should be made to improve the operation and management capabilities of agricultural science and technology parks, improve the protection mechanism of intellectual property ownership and technology transfer and transformation interests, introduce professional management teams, and improve the service quality of agricultural innovation and entrepreneurship.